Sugars The good and the bad and the less known ones
Sugars The good and the bad and the less known ones.
There are more than just the basic table sugar, the white crystals used in most homes and in much cooking, called sucrose which comes from sugar beets or sugarcane. Sucrose is actually in every plant since sugar and oxygen are products of photosynthesis. But unlike sugar beets and sugarcane, other plants don’t produce sucrose in sufficient quantities for harvesting.
For Instance, Glucose, a monosaccharide, is the predominant form of circulating sugar in animals, while sucrose, the disaccharide composed of equal portions of glucose and fructose, is the predominant circulating sugar in plants.
Further more, in energy metabolism, glucose is the most important source of energy in all organisms. It’s glucose we use as fuel when we do aerobic exercises.
In short- our bodies convert food into energy. Although we get energy and calories from carbohydrate, protein, and fat, our main source of energy is from carbohydrate. Our bodies convert carbohydrate into glucose, a type of sugar find in honey, fruits and vegetables
In other words- What are the concerns about eating too many sugars?
- risk of obesity
- risk of diabetes
- risk of cardiovascular disease
- risk of gout
- and risk of metabolic syndrome.
Ultimately, it’s mostly associated with sugar or high fructose corn syrup.
Again, the increase of calorie-sweetened beverages, including soft drinks and fruit drinks and the fructose they provide, have been alarming and increased over the last decade, again linked with high fructose corn syrup.
Furthermore – the Sources of Sugars – The good and the bad and the unknown ones:
- Fructose: found in fruits and honey
- Galactose: found in milk and dairy products
- Glucose: found in honey, fruits and vegetables
- Lactose: found in milk, made from glucose and galactose
- Maltose: found in barley
- Sucrose: made up of glucose and fructose and found in plants
- Xylose: found in wood or straw
Talking about Glucose – it’s often referred to as “blood sugar” because it travels through the blood system and is transported out in the blood and in all cells in the body.
Insulin is the transporter hormone that moves glucose from your blood into the cells for energy and storage, later fat.
And Glucose is usually the brain’s main fuel.
Just some added – Good to know stuff:
Sugar crystals, particularly white sugar, come in different granulations.
Some common types are:
- Icing: very small crystals that quickly dissolve in liquids or can be used for decorating desserts, like confectioners’ sugar
- Caster: larger crystals than icing
- Granulated: basic table sugar, with larger crystals than caster or icing
- Preserving: very coarse sugar used as a preservative in jams and similar confections
Moreover- Back to corn Syrup and its effects!
The Difference Between Sugar and High-fructose Corn Syrup- Sugars The good and the bad …
As its name implies, high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) comes from corn, not sugarcane or sugar beets.
Created in the 1960s, this additive is now found in numerous processed foods, including many sodas. The syrup has become popular for food makers because it’s cheaper than white sugar.
To conclude- HFCS has a reputation for being unhealthy and fattening.
Insummery- while sugar essentially powers human cells, it’s “empty” calories — no nutritional value at all and easily and quickly taken up by the body as energy- peak our blood sugar levels! and then nose dives.
As shown above- any excess sugar in the body won’t be used as energy- for later use- and will instead be stored as fat!
Extra side note:
In summery, whether increased sugar consumption is a major contributor to the epidemics of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease remains controversial
But! we can all feel that less sugar in our diet makes us feel better. So it’s a great start to reduce its intake.
And to finish off;
“Sugar is sugar,” says dietitian Catherine Collins. “Whether it’s white, brown, unrefined sugar, molasses or honey, do not kid yourself: there’s no such thing as a healthy sugar.”
Start by doing something that makes you feel successful and full of joy start positive and set the day!
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